In a very loose way this film is based on Joseph Conrad’s The Secret Agent (1907) and the novel is unsurprisingly much stronger than the film. Conrad’s novel is one I particularly enjoyed studying at university as although from the modernist period his experimentation with narrative style does not make the story incomprehensible. It does challenge the notion of narratives working chronologically though, utilising a more fragmented time sequence. Conrad’s depiction of time is very interesting in that time is more than the number you see on your wrist watch, it is subjective and subject to human judgement and even becomes fused with the characters themselves, which brings about a wonderfully chilling moment near the end of the novel with Mr and Mrs Verloc. However that is the novel, not Hitchcock’s film which is much more focused on the act of sabotage, even beginning the film with a dictionary definition of the word. Moreover, since this is a film and not a novel the characters are only viewed from the outside and consequently there is much less focus on the character of Mr Verloc. I was therefore also not surprised, although slightly puzzled when in the opening credits Mr Verloc and his brother in law are named in reference to Mrs Verloc. Interestingly the film was also titled as The Woman Alone, which again suggests a shift in focus from Mr to Mrs Verloc.
In Sabotage (1936) there is oddly enough a saboteur at work with the film opening with someone plunging London into darkness and some belaboured dialogue confirms this for us. The film then cuts to Mrs Verloc (played by Silvia Sidney) who runs a cinema with her husband (played by Oskar Homolka), the latter of whom is the saboteur in question. It is hinted that the local green grocer, Ted (played by John Loder) sees Mrs Verloc as more than just a neighbour, though at this stage his tender feelings come under question when we are soon informed of his real job: a policeman. Mr Verloc’s act of sabotage is not very successful as everyone just finds it funny, which does not impress Verloc’s employer who demands he puts a bomb in an underground station next Saturday, an act Verloc has great qualms about.
As Verloc and a number of confederates work towards Saturday’s explosion, Ted works on pumping information out of Mrs Verloc and her brother Stevie, a callow and not particularly reliable youth. Mr Verloc himself is being tailed by other policemen and when Saturday arrives it seems he might not be able to go ahead with his plan, until he has his fateful idea… The consequences of this alternative plan are far reaching and devastating for him and his family and in fairness to Hitchcock he does create a well-executed and suspense driven explosion scene.
SPOILER – If you don’t want to know the ending of the film (or Conrad’s novel) skip this next section
In Conrad’s original work, Stevie, on Mr Verloc’s orders, unknowingly takes the bomb to the allotted location. Yet due to his clumsiness he falls over whilst carrying it and dies in the ensuing explosion. Mrs Verloc finally puts two and two together and decides to take revenge on her husband by murdering him. A man who has been in love with her for a while helps her to flee the country, but then abandons her on the boat (though keeping her money), leading to her suicide. In the film to be fair Hitchcock does keep some of this plot element with Stevie still dying and Mrs Verloc still murdering her husband. However, after this point Hitchcock strongly deviates from the novel, tacking a happy ending of sorts on to the end of the film with Ted declaring his love for Mrs Verloc and planning their escape from the UK. But when Mr Verloc’s body is found too early Ted obstructs the subsequent police investigation to prevent Mrs Verloc being arrested and he then pushes her into marriage, she is actually quite happy to turn herself into the police. Early elements of this ending did remind me of a Greek tragedy.
Consequently although Mr Verloc is the official saboteur of the film, I would argue that Ted is actually the greater saboteur as he sabotages the Verloc marriage, as it is his questioning of Mrs Verloc which causes her to suspect her husband. Furthermore, he sabotages the police investigation at the end of the film, perverting the cause of justice so he can marry a woman who has a just murdered her husband (an element I found a bit disturbing and a reason why the supposedly happy ending doesn’t work). Additionally, Ted as a character does not exist in Conrad’s novel so all of his action in the film adds to Hitchcock’s deviation from the original story and therefore can be seen as a principal element of the sabotage Hitchcock enacts on Conrad’s far superior work.
SAFE TO RESUME READING
Interesting Facts (for me anyways):
- According to the opening credits Walt Disney was responsible for a cartoon arrangement in the film.
- Charles Hawtrey, who is famous for his roles in the Carry On films, plays a small unnamed role in the production as a studious youth.
Overall I don’t think Hitchcock portrayed Mr Verloc’s character quite right in the film, as he came across as far too unimpressive and whingey, which may have come about because Hitchcock seems to focus more on action than on character in this film. The reason for my lower rating is primarily due to the fact that I have read Conrad’s novel as it is hard to not see the film version as inferior, as Hitchcock’s choice of ending is unsatisfying and I think Conrad creates a much more innovative and original work. However, if you have not read the novel then you will probably enjoy the film more, though I feel anyone would have some doubts about the ending.